Realism, Unipolarity, and Morality

This is myopia. A constitutional monarchy with a parliament in Bahrain under US protection would provide leverage against the Saudi royals. When US interests diverge from the Saudis’ – as they assuredly will – the US will have an extra bargaining chip. It will also strengthen the more moderate and modern sectors of Gulf society. Perhaps revive the Kuwaiti parliament, and other moves towards reform and representation. Supporting the monarchies against the intelligentsia strengthens the salafi scribes. For now, the Saudi royal family controls the scribes. In a succession struggle – or any situation where the absolute control of the royals is undermined – they could become kingmakers, or worse, threaten to take over. It is not in the long-term interest of the United States to have the scribes as the only potentially independent center of power in Saudi Arabia.

The ‘oil for protection’ arrangement whereby US protects the Saudi royal family, and the Kingdom maintains excess capacity to moderate the price of oil has been in place since the upheavals of 1979. In exchange for protection, the Saudis agreed to both price oil in dollars and to recycle their petrodollars through the United States. It is in the interest of the Saudis to keep the price of oil high enough to earn sizable profits, but not so high as to encourage investment in alternative energy sources. Periodically, Saudi Arabia has faced considerable pressure from the price hawks within OPEC to push prices higher than its interest dictates. American military protection has strengthened Saudi willingness to resist the hawks. 

The onset of the Iran-Iraq war in September 1980 removed 4 million barrels a day (mbd) and drove the price of oil to $42 a barrel, its highest level ever. The Saudis were allied to Iraq and fearing Iranian retaliation against their oil fields, asked for American military protection. The US sent AWACS aircraft to Saudi Arabia and set up a joint Saudi-American naval task force to guard oil tankers in the Gulf. The Saudis returned the favor by increasing their oil production from 9.7 mbd to 10.3 mbd. Since those days, the Saudis have tried to maintain 2 mbd of excess capacity. This comes in handy for the boss: when the US decided to invade Iraq in 1990 and 2003, the oil monarchies easily replaced the 3-4 mbd that went offline.

31 thoughts on “Realism, Unipolarity, and Morality

  1. In fact, the more members there are, the better it is for everyone since there are more PLR articles in the
    database. The writers must have the capacity to
    complete their clients’ orders within the stipulated time.

    Finally, design, hire or use a free template for your

  2. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style
    seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.

    P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  3. Hey there, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you
    a quick heads up! Other then that, excellent blog!

  4. Greetings! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy
    reading your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with
    the same subjects? Thanks a lot!

  5. Needless to say you want to avoid this at all costs. For instructions on various
    systems go to Wikihow: Clean Your Browser’s Cache.
    Also, don’t go above 4 Gigabytes, all the Windows versions are 32 bit and
    simply, Windows will not register any ram above 3.

  6. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and
    found that it’s really informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.

    I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will
    be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  7. There appears to be a bit of blue paint over spray on the insides with the wheel wells.

    Let friends and family know what you’re after because word of mouth marketing iss still one of the
    best varieties of advertising there is. Used cars are a good value because when you buy
    a brand new car they lose over 20% with their value if you drive them off of the lot.

  8. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I to
    find this matter to be really something that I think I might never understand.
    It kind of feels too complicated and extremely extensive
    for me. I’m looking ahead in your next publish, I will attempt
    to get the grasp of it!

  9. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who was doing a
    little research on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner because I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for
    the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to talk about this
    issue here on your web site.

  10. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is valuable and everything. But think
    about if you added some great images or videos to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with images and video clips, this blog could definitely be one
    of the most beneficial in its niche. Very good blog!

  11. My brother recommended I might like this website. He was totally right.
    This post truly made my day. You cann’t imagine just how much
    time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s